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Current Alzheimer Research

Volume 7 Issue 1
ISSN: 1567-2050
eISSN: 1875-5828

 

   All Titles

  High PIB Retention in Alzheimer's Disease is an Early Event with Complex Relationship with CSF Biomarkers and Functional Parameters
  pp.56-66 (11) Authors: A. Forsberg, O. Almkvist, H. Engler, A. Wall, B. Langstrom, A. Nordberg
   
      Abstract

Background: New in vivo amyloid PET imaging tracers, such as 11C-PIB, provide possibilities to deeper understand the underlying pathological processes in Alzheimer's disease (AD). In this study we investigated how 11C-PIB retention is related to cerebral glucose metabolism, episodic memory and CSF biomarkers.

Method: Thirty-seven patients with mild AD and 21 patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) underwent PET examinations with the amyloid tracer 11C-PIB, 18F-FDG for measurement of regional cerebral metabolic rate of glucose (rCMRglc), assessment of episodic memory and assay of cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) levels of amyloid-ß (Aβ1-42), total tau and phosphorylated tau respectively. Analyses were performed using Statistical Parametric Mapping (SPM) and regions of interest (ROIs).

Results: Pooled data from AD and MCI patients showed strong correlations between 11C-PIB retention, levels of CSF biomarkers (especially Aß1-42), rCMRglc and episodic memory. Analysis of the MCI group alone revealed significant correlations between 11C-PIB retention and CSF biomarkers and between CSF biomarkers and episodic memory respectively. A strong correlation was observed in the AD group between rCMRglc and episodic memory as well as a significant correlation between 11C-PIB retention and rCMRglc in some cortical regions. Regional differences were observed as sign for changes in temporal patterns across brain regions.

Conclusions: A complex pattern was observed between pathological and functional markers with respect to disease stage (MCI versus AD) and brain regions. Regional differences over time were evident during disease progression. 11C-PIB PET and CSF Aß1-42 allowed detection of prodromal stages of AD. Amyloid imaging is useful for early diagnosis and evaluation of new therapeutic interventions in AD.

 
  Keywords: Amyloid, CSF biomarkers, C-PIB-PET, F-FDG-PET, AD, MCI, cognition
  Affiliation: Karolinska Institutet, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Division of Alzheimer Neurobiology, Karolinska University Hospital Huddinge, Novum 5th Floor, S-141 86 Stockholm, Sweden.
 
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