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Current Biotechnology

Volume 1 Issue 2
ISSN: 2211-5501
eISSN: 2211-551X

 

   All Titles

  Endophytic Fungal Assemblages in Calophyllum and Garcinia spp. of Clusiaceae Family in Western Ghats, India
  pp.109-114 (6) Authors: Karmakar Ruma, Shailasree Sekhar, Kumara K.K. Sampath, Siddapura Ramachandrappa Niranjana, Harischandra Sripathy Prakash
doi: 10.2174/10109
 
 
      Abstract

A total of 596 fungal endophytes were isolated from ~2000 bark and twig samples of five medicinal plants from Clusiaceae family of Western Ghats, India, during three seasons viz., rainy, winter and summer. The isolated endophytes belonged to different fungal classes which were Ascomycetes (0.6%), Coelomycetes (19.3%), Hyphomycetes (52.1%), Zygomycetes (1.3%) and Sterile mycelia (0.7%). The most frequently recovered endophytes were Pestalotiopsis sp., Trichoderma sp., Myrothecium sp., Acremonium sp., Fusarium oxysporum and Aspergillus niger. A few other species recovered were Aspergillus spp., Ascochyta sp., Botrytis cinera, Botryodiplodea theobromae, Chaetomium sp., Cladosporium sp., Colletotrichum spp., Fusarium spp., Morteirella sp., Nigrospora oryzae, Penicillium sp., Paecilomyces sp., Phyllosticta sp. and Verticillium sp. Endophytes recovery was significantly more during the rainy season than winter and summer seasons.

 
  Keywords: Clusiaceae, diversity, endophytic fungi, seasons, Western Ghats, Medicinal plants, clavicipitaceous endophytes, non-clavicipitaceous endophytes, Calophyllum apetalum, Garcinia indica, G. xanthochymus, G. gummigutta, G.morella, Taxol
  Affiliation: Department of Studies in Biotechnology, University of Mysore, Manasagangotri, Mysore 570006, Karnataka, India.
 
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