Guest Open Access Plus | Free Content | About | Sign in | New Users: Sign up | Mark List  

Current Drug Delivery

Volume 8 Issue 5
ISSN: 1567-2018
eISSN: 1875-5704

 

   All Titles

  Enhanced Delivery of Topically-Applied Formulations Following Skin Pre-Treatment with a Hand-Applied, Plastic Microneedle Array
  pp.557-565 (9) Authors: Dan Duan, Craig Moeckly, Jerry Gysbers, Chris Novak, Gayatri Prochnow, Kris Siebenaler, Leila Albers, Kris Hansen
 
 
      Abstract

The purpose of this work is to characterize microchannels created by polymeric microneedles, applied by hand, and to demonstrate enhanced delivery of topically applied formulations of lidocaine hydrochloride and methylprednisolone sodium succinate (MPSS). 3M's Microstructured Transdermal System (MTS) arrays were applied to domestic swine to demonstrate reliability of penetration, depth of penetration and durability of the structures to repeat application and high force. Tissue levels of lidocaine and MPSS following topical application with and without microneedle pretreatment were determined by HPLC-MS analysis following digestion of biopsies. Almost all microneedles penetrate the stratum corneum upon hand force application. The depth of penetration varies from < 100μm to nearly 150μm depending on the application force and the firmness of the underlying tissue. The arrays show excellent durability to repeated in-vivo application, with less than 5% of the structures evidencing even minimal tip bending after 16 applications. Under extreme force against a rigid surface, the microneedles bend but do not break. A lidocaine hydrochloride formulation applied topically in-vivo showed ∼340% increase in local tissue levels when the MTS arrays were used to twice pre-treat the skin prior to applying the drug. Local delivery of a topically applied formulation of MPSS was over one order of magnitude higher when the application site was twice pre-treated with the MTS array. 3M's MTS array (marketed as 3M™ Microchannel Skin System) provides repeatable and robust penetration of the stratum corneum and epidermis and enhances delivery of some formulations such as lidocaine hydrochloride.

 
  Keywords: Dermis, epidermis, stratum corneum penetration, microneedles, microporation, dermal, stratum corneum, lidocaine, absorption, drug delivery, transdermal, skin
  Affiliation: 3M Drug Delivery Systems Division, Building 260-03-A-05, St. Paul MN 55114, USA.
 
  Key: New Content Free Content Open Access Plus Subscribed Content

Bentham Science Publishers
www.benthamscience.com

 

  Copyright © 1994 - 2014   Bentham Science Publishers