Guest Open Access Plus | Free Content | About | Sign in | New Users: Sign up | Mark List  

Current Molecular Medicine

Volume 11 Issue 3
ISSN: 1566-5240
eISSN: 1875-5666

 

   All Titles

  The Role of Immune and Inflammatory Mechanisms in ALS
  pp.246-254 (9) Authors: P. A. McCombe, R. D. Henderson
 
 
      Abstract

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a severe progressive neurodegenerative disease. The cause is unknown, but genetic abnormalities have been identified in subjects with familial ALS and also in subjects with sporadic ALS. Environmental factors such as occupational exposure have been shown to be risk factors for the development of ALS. Patients differ in their clinical features and differ in the clinical course of disease. Immune abnormalities have been found in the central nervous system by pathological studies and also in the blood and CSF of subjects with ALS. Inflammation and immune abnormalities are also found in animals with a model of ALS due to mutations in the SOD1 gene. Previously it has been considered that immune abnormalities might contribute to the pathogenesis of disease. However more recently it has become apparent that an immune response can occur as a response to damage to the nervous system and this can be protective.

 
  Keywords: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, biomarkers, immunity, inflammation, lymphocytes, protective immunity, T cells, neurodegenerative diseases, autoimmune diseases, dementia, heterogeneity, astrocytes, gene expression, nuclear medicine technology, PET imaging
  Affiliation: University of Queensland, Centre for Clinical Research, Royal Brisbane&Women's Hospital, Herston, QLD 4029, Australia.
 
  Key: New Content Free Content Open Access Plus Subscribed Content

Bentham Science Publishers
www.benthamscience.com

 

  Copyright © 1994 - 2014   Bentham Science Publishers